What is an IP Address?
An IP (Internet Protocol) address is a unique binary number that identifies computers and other devices on a TCP/IP network , an IP address is used to identify and locate information online.These addresses are similar to those of your house. Anyone who connects to the Internet is assigned an IP address by their Internet Service Provider (ISP), which has registered a range of IP addresses many IP addresses are assigned dynamically from a pool. Many corporate networks and online services economize on the number of IP addresses they use by sharing a pool of IP addresses among a large number of users.
Every device connected to an IP network – including computers, phones, printers, and Internet of Things gadgets, receives an IP address.
Two IP addressing standards are in use today. The IPv4 standard is most familiar to people and supported everywhere on the Internet, but the newer IPv6 standard is gradually replacing it. IPv4 addresses consist of four bytes (32 bits), while IPv6 addresses are 16 bytes (128 bits) long.